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Bringing data together

14SEA Project: A 14C database for Southeast Europe and Anatolia (10,000–3000 calBC)

14SEA is a new online database targeting the Mesolithic, Neolithic and Chalcolithic periods in Central and Western Anatolia, the Aegean, the Balkans and adjacent areas. The currently 2681 entries provide a chronological framework not only for the dispersal of farming from Anatolia into Europe but also for the major transformations occurring during the Chalcolithic in these areas.

Dr. Agathe Reingruber

Dr. Laurens Thissen

AfriArch isotopic dataset

Coming soon.

ARCHIPELAGO human stable isotope database

ARCHIPELAGO is an integrated archaeological and historical database of land and sea resources utilised by humans in the Japanese Islands. The ARCHIPELAGO isotopic dataset contains human bone and hair carbon and nitrogen stable isotopes measurements from Japanese archaeological sites covering the time span from the Upper Palaeolithic to the mid-nineteenth century.

Dr. Mark Hudson

Hiroto Takamiya

Jean-Pascal Bassino

Junz Uchiyama

Martine Robbeets

Amalthea: A Database of Isotopic measurements on Archaeological and Forensic Tooth Dentine Increments

Amalthea: Amalthea is a global database of stable isotope measurements on tooth increments from archaeological and modern individuals spanning more than 7,000 years. The dataset includes c. 15,000 isotopic measurements from more than 700 individuals. In addition to isotopic data the database also includes information on the archaeological context and osteological features of recorded individuals. This database allows for the reconstruction of individual iso-biographies. In particular, the database allows for meta-studies on childhood diet, nutrition, and health across time and space. The database is a collaborative effort and will be regularly updated.

Dr. Carlo Cocozza

ArtEmpire: An ARTery of EMPIRE. Conquest, Commerce, Crisis, Culture and the Panamanian Junction (1513-1671)

AustArch: a radiocarbon database for Australia

The AustArch dataset consists of 5,044 radiocarbon determinations from 1,748 archaeological sites across Australia. The dataset also contains a further 478 non-radiocarbon ages. The dataset includes all radiocarbon and non-radiocarbon ages associated with archaeological deposits published in the last 60 years of research. AustArch is also part of CARD.

Dr. Alan Williams

Prof. Dr. Sean Ulm

Australian/Pacific Isotopic Database

Coming soon.

CAMBIO: Caribbean & Mesoamerica Biogeochemical Isotope Overview

Coming soon.

CARD: Canadian Archaeological Radiocarbon Database

CARD is a global database of +50,000 14C dates from archaeological, geological, and paleoenvironmental contexts. CARD was developed in 1990 and expanded to V2.1 in 2015 with additional features such as a spatial interface, a security wall, unlimited up/downloading and on screen data editing.

 Dr. Richard Morlan
Andrew Martindale

Matthew Betts
Michael Blake
Michelle Chaput
Konrad Gajewski
Andrew Mason
Pierre Vermeersch

CEMP SITE: Collection of European Mesolithic and Paleolithic stable Isotopic data of terrestrial ecosystems

Coming soon.

Chinese Isobioarchaeological database

Coming soon.

CIMA: Compendium Isotoporum Medii Aevi

CIMA: The Compendium Isotoporum Medii Aevi (CIMA) gathers more than 50,000 isotopic measurements for bioarchaeological samples located within Europe and its margins dating between 500–1500 CE. In addition to isotopic data the database also includes information on the archaeological context and osteological features of recorded individuals. This volume of isotopic data, together with collected supporting information, offers multiple research opportunities (e.g. to reconstruct medieval human lifeways, animal management practices, and paleo-environmental conditions.

Dr. Carlo Cocozza

CRC 806 – D4: Chronology, site concentrations, cultural differentiation, and mobility patterns as basis for comparing human environment interaction

Project D4 of the CRC 806 focuses on the question, as to whether the presence, or resp., the absence of humans can be interpreted as a response to natural or cultural environment by integrating data, methods and results from various former CRC-projects and from literature. This integrative approach is based on the analysis of chronological, spatial, geoarchaeological, archaeobiological and cultural data. One of the main questions concerns the reconstruction of diet and mobility of humans and animals. Based on the hypothesis that an increase in the consumption of meat correlates with lower population densities and perhaps higher mobility, we are interested in isotopic measurements of human and animal bones. The collected data will also allow for the reconstruction of foodwebs of various archaeological periods. This also includes the creation of a database of isotopic data.

PD Dr. Silviane Scharl

Mathieu Boudin

Dr. Birgit Gehlen

Prof. Dr. Andreas Zimmermann


Edaphobase is a taxonomic-ecological database system, which combines existing taxonomical primary data on soil organisms from collections, scientific literature and reports etc. originating from many research institutes and persons involved in soil zoology. This data is linked at the species level to ecological background information of the species’ sites of occurrence (i. e., geography, soils, habitat type, climate etc., including also data on stable isotopes in soil and fauna). The data is available to the general public via a web application containing a comprehensive query system, which allows the analysis and evaluation of the data for complex ecological questions of soil-zoological research and monitoring.

Early Pottery Research database

The Early Pottery Research database (EPRG database) is hosted by the early pottery research group and contains carbon stable isotope data and molecular information derived from organic residue analysis of ceramics. The database is concerned with pottery from early agricultural and hunter-gatherer sites globally.

Dr. Alexandre Lucquin

Prof. Oliver Craig

Dr. Harry Robson

GeoReM: a database for reference materials of geological and environmental interest

GeoReM is a Max Planck Institute database for reference materials of geological and environmental interest, such as rock powders, synthetic and natural glasses as well as mineral, isotopic, biological, river water and seawater reference materials. GeoReM contains published analytical data and compilation values (major and trace element concentrations and mass fractions, radiogenic and stable isotope ratios). GeoReM contains all important metadata about the analytical values such as uncertainty, analytical method and laboratory. Sample information and references are also included. GeoReM contains more than 3,540 reference materials, nearly 50,000 analyses from more than 10,550 papers, and preferred analytical values (state: January, 2019).

Dr. Klaus Peter Jochum

Mathieu Boudin

Ulrike Weis

Brigitte Stol
Viktoria Kaiser
Anna Reichstein

Iber-Crono: a radiocarbon database for the Iberian Peninsula

Coming soon.

Dr. Joan Antón Barcelo

Dr. Igor Bogdanovic


INTIMATE is an open palaeoclimate research community studying the integration of marine, terrestrial and ice core records. Its activities cover a wide range of topics and formats.The INTIMATE-WP4 database is designed for the age-modelling and chronological correlation of palaeoenvironmental sequences.

Prof. Dr. Christopher Ramsey

Prof. Dr. Christine S Lane

IRPA/KIK: Royal Institute for Cultural Heritage Web-Based Radiocarbon Database

The database contains thousands of radiocarbon and and stable isotope results, and new data is introduced at regular intervals, with an embargo of at least 2 yrs maintained between the delivery of the report to the submitterand the introduction of the results in the database. Data obtained from the IRPA/KIK database should be cited as: Van Strydonck M, De Roock E, 2011, Royal Institute for Cultural Heritage Web-Based Radiocarbon Database, Radiocarbon Vol 53, No 2, 367-370.

Dr. Mathieu Boudin

Prof. Dr. Mark Van Strydonck

Edwin De Roock


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LWCD: Leaf wax (C and H) and cellulose (O) Database

LWCD: Leaf wax (C and H) and cellulose (O) Database is develloped by an active research group that focuses on employing compound-specific and position-specific H/C/O isotope signals at natural abundance level to understand plant metabolism and physiology. This research is leading to the development of an isotope database for leaf lipids, amino acids and -cellulose and soluble sugars. Currently the database is composed of carbon and hidrogen isotope data for lipids synthesized via three independent biosynthetic pathways for over 100 species of tropical grasses and 6 species of controlled grown plants and oxygen isotope data from cellulose for more than 200 species across temperate, subtropical and tropic zones.

Dr. Youping Zhou


Dr. Eva Rosenstock

Alisa Scheibner

MAIA: Mediterranean Archive of Isotopic dAta

Coming soon.


Coming soon.

NCAID: North Central Asia isotopic dataset

Coming soon.

Near East isotopic database

Coming soon.


Neotoma covers the Pliocene-Quaternary part of the geologic record, the time during which humans evolved and during which modern ecosystems developed. Neotoma’s centralized structure facilitates interdisciplinary, multiproxy analyses and common tool development; discipline-specific data can also be easily accessed. Data currently include North American Pollen (NAPD) and fossil mammals (FAUNMAP) as well as other proxies (plant macrofossils, beetles, ostracodes, diatoms, etc.) and geographic areas (Europe, Latin America, etc.). Data are derived from sites from the last 5 million years. The Faunal Isotope Database was recently added to Neotoma and contains specimen-level isotopic data from a variety of vertebrate and invertebrate remains.

Any use of data from Neotoma should cite the original publications whenever possible and also acknowledge the Neotoma database. Example: “Data were obtained from the Neotoma Paleoecology Database (, and the work of the data contributors and the Neotoma community is gratefully acknowledged.” Normal ethics and standards of co-authorship apply. See Neotoma’s data-use policy for further details. (hyperlink for data use policy:

Dr. Suzanne E. Pilaar Birch

North American Isotopic Database

Coming soon.

Northern Hemisphere Modern leaf wax δDn-alkane database

Northern Hemisphere Modern leaf wax δDn-alkane database consists of 561 modern higher plants (213 species) sampled from 81 sites across the Northern Hemisphere. Further reading: Liu, J., W. Liu, Z. An, and H. Yang. 2016. Different hydrogen isotope fractionations during lipid formation in higher plants: Implications for paleohydrology reconstruction at a global scale. Scientific Reports 6:19711.

Dr. Weiguo Liu

Dr. Zheng Wang


We are an active research Group that focuses on the application of stable isotope methods to questions of past hominin (including human) and faunal diet, ecology, and environment. These practical applications alongside data mining from the existing literature are leading to the development and publication of databases collating modern and fossil primate stable isotope measurements from around the world (PRIMDAT) and pre-Holocene hominin and human stable isotope measurements, primarily from Africa and the tropics (HOMDAT).

Dr. Patrick Roberts

Eva Rosenstock
Dr. Jana Zech

Alisia Scheibner


OASIS (Open-Acess storage for northern isotopic data) is a portal to public databases maintained by Laboratory of Chronology at the Finnish Museum of Natural History – LUOMUS, University of Helsinki. It includes δIANA

Data obtained from δIANA should be cited as: Etu-Sihvola H, Arppe L, Junno A, Uusitalo J and Oinonen M 2015. Dietary isotopic baseline for the ancient north. Article in preparation.

Data obtained from OASIS should be cited as: Junno A, Uusitalo J and Oinonen M 2015. Radiocarbon dates of Helsinki University. Article in preparation.

OASIS and δIANA developers (Dietary Isotopic baseline for the Ancient North). A database for North(east) European plant and animal stable isotope values (with focus on the Nordic and Baltic countries, Russia, northern Poland and Germany).

Dr. Markku Oinonen

Dr. Laura Arppe

Heli Etu-Sihvola

Joonas Uusitalo

Aripekka Junno

ORAU: Oxford Radiocarbon Accelerator Unit radiocarbon database.

Coming soon.

Prof. Dr. Christopher Ramsey

Radiocarbon Palaeolithic Europe Database

RPED: Radiocarbon Palaeolithic Europe Database v20 is a database of conventional 14C, AMS 14C, TL, OSL, ESR, Th/U and AAR data. RPED is also part of CARD.

Data obtained from RPED should be cited as: Vermeersch, P.M., 2016. Radiocarbon Palaeolithic Europe Database, Version 20. Available at:

Prof. Pierre M. Vermeersch


Radon (Central European and Scandinavian database of radiocarbon dates for the Neolithic and Early Bronze Age) and Radon-B (Database for European radiocarbon dates for the Bronze and Early Iron Age)

Radon is a database of radiocarbon dates for the Neolithic and Early Bronze Age in central Europe and Scandinavia. Data obtained from Radon-B should be cited as: Martin Hinz, Martin Furholt, Johannes Müller, Dirk Raetzel-Fabian, Christoph Rinne, Karl-Göran Sjögren, Hans-Peter Wotzka, RADON – Radiocarbon dates online 2012. Central European database of 14C dates for the Neolithic and Early Bronze Age., 2012, 1-4.

Radon-B provides a quick overview of radiocarbon dates from Europe. The time frame was limited to the Bronze and Early Iron Ages and covers the period from 2300 BC to 500 BC. Data obtained from Radon-B should be cited as: Kneisel et al. 2013: Jutta Kneisel/Martin Hinz/Christoph Rinne, Radon-B. In:

Dirk Raetzel-Fabian
Martin Furholt
Martin Hinz

Johannes Müller
Christoph Rinne

Karl-Göran Sjögren
Hans-Peter Wotzka
Jutta Kneisel

Nina Krischke
Marcel Rodens
Helle Vandkilde

NZRD: New Zealand Radiocarbon Database

The New Zealand Radiocarbon Database contains radiocarbon determinations and associated information for almost 3000 dates obtained from archaeological sites in this country over the past 40 years from New Zealand archaeological sites. The NZRD was a joint initiative between the NZ Department of Conservation, The Waikato Radiocarbon Dating Laboratory and the Institute of Geological and Nuclear Sciences Ltd.

Dr. Fiona Petchey

SAAID: South American Archaeological Isotopic Database

Coming soon.

Southeast Asia isotopic database

Coming soon.

SWVID: Stable Water Vapor Isotope Database

Hosted by Yale University and sponsored by the U. S. National Science Foundation, the Stable Water Vapor Isotope Database (SWVID) website archives high-frequency vapor isotope data collected with instruments based on infrared isotopic spectroscopy. The goal of this centralized data depository is to facilitate investigation that transcends disciplinary and geographic boundaries.

Prof. Xuhui Lee

Sara Shallenberger

Trans-Siberian isotopic database

Coming soon.

Several institutions and research groups provide long-term support for IsoMemo (and Pandora). This includes funding and technical support via a large interdisciplinary team of isotope scientists, data scientists, and programmers.

Max Planck Computing and Data Facility
MP Digital Library
Muni Arts
University of Warsaw
Archaeologist Research Group